ENRIQUE ESTEVEZ OCHOA
Enrique Estevez Ochoa, better known by his signature as “Enrique Ochoa”, was born on April 27 in "El Puerto de Santa Maria" (Cádiz).
When he was only five years old, he and his family embarked for The Philippines, doing a transfer in Singapore. The cause was a voluntary enlistment of his father, Infantry Lieutenant, to fight insurrections that were taking place overseas.
His mother died in the battle of Cavite (Philippines) a year later, and that is why his father and the Ochoa's brothers (Henry and María Felisa) came back to Spain. Two years later his father died as well as a result of a serious illness.
The little Enrique joined the María Cristina Academy for military orphans training in Toledo, where he was marked by the work of El Greco and began his artistic training.
Ochoa settled down in Seville where he began to study at the High Art School and he started making a living painting the characters of a typical Sevillian neighbourhood.
He moves to Madrid and gets involved in its Bohemian atmosphere where he begins to emerge as a flagship of modernism and art deco.
Later on, he begins his phase as an illustrator working in several publications such as "For those Worlds" (Por esos Mundos), "The Sphere" (La Esfera), "New World" (El Nuevo Mundo), "Stamp" or "White and Black" (Estampa o Blanco y Negro) which he collaborates with until 1931.
He married Julia Puertas Gonzalez in the Parish of San Antonio de la Florida and they had three children (two of them died when they were young). This marriage lasted just a few years.
He settles down in Barcelona and joined in a stable union with his student the painter Carmen Oses Hidalgo from Bilbao, who he lived, painted and travelled around the world with until her death in 1961.
He paints and pays tribute to Federico García Lorca.
He is awarded with the great prize of the Venice Biennale.
He exiled to Paris because of the Spanish Civil War.
He comes back to Spain and settles down in Mallorca until his death. Until 1949, Ochoa secluded in cell number 4 of the Cartuja in Valldemosa, same one that Frederic Chopin used once. He creates "imágenes internas" (internal images) as a reflection of a dream world and that starts his called "Plastic Musical" phase.
He was awarded with the Special Award Princess Sofia. Salón de Otoño in Madrid.
Gold Medal at the International Exhibition Grand Prix in Paris. He is appointed "Grand Officier de l'Ordre de PAHC". Member of the International Academy of Arts of Lutèce.
Enrique Ochoa died in Palma de Mallorca and his remains were moved to his hometown El Puerto de Santa María, where there is a Street with his name.
The Enrique Ochoa Foundation is an initiative driven by the heirs of the painter (his grandchildren José Francisco and Isabel Estevez) in order to recover the huge legacy left by the author, as well as to promote the awareness of his work and life through exhibitions, lectures, discussions, in collaboration with other institutions, etc. Officially established in 2013, the Foundation has its roots in the Institute of Art Studies Enrique Ochoa, which, since the death of the painter in 1978, has developed a silent but important research work.
As a private cultural foundation, non-profit and headquartered in Madrid, its main aim is the conservation, custody, study, exhibition, distribution and acquisition of artworks from Enrique Ochoa´s collection, as well as any other property that is related to him. Likewise the Foundation:
1- will serve as distribution and promotion of historical, cultural and artistic values that are related to art and its collecting and culture.
2- In the exercise of their own missions, the Foundation will grant awards and fellowships for artists and researchers; hold events; organize exhibitions, concerts, courses and seminars; create museums, libraries and, in general, cultural and educational establishments and research centres; edit publications, agreements and exchanges with universities, institutions and Spanish and foreign centres; and generally to carry out all actions that are favourable to better achieve their goals.
PRESIDENT JOSÉ-FRANCISCO ESTÉVEZ RODRÍGUEZ
VICEPRESIDENT: MARIA-ISABEL ESTÉVEZ RODRÍGUEZ
TREASURER PABLO ESTÉVEZ TÉLLEZ.
ADVISERS, CONSULTANTS: MARÍA-LUISA TÉLLEZ RODRÍGUEZ
FELIPE MARTÍN ANTONA
ADRIANA ESTÉVEZ TÉLLEZ
SECRETARY: DOÑA MARÍA-FLORA RUÍZ
The recovery of Ochoa's work is offering new perspectives on the painter but also accessions of critics and experts from the world of Art and Culture. Among the followers of Ochoa’s work and the Foundation that bears his name, from a historical, artistic and cultural perspective, there are:
- Juan Manuel Bonet. Historian, essayist and art critic
- Felio Bauzá Martorell. Lawyer and professor at the university.
- José Bauzá y Pizá. Art critic and journalist.
- Inmaculada Corcho. Director of the ABC Art Museum.
- Francisco Arniz. Art Crític.
- Joan Oliver. Art gallery director, writer and art collector.
- Pilar Citoler. Art collector and Doctor.
- Antonio Alvar. University Professor.
- Alfredo Alvar. Historian and researcher CSIC.
- Adolfo Ramirez. Banesto Director General.
- Maria del Carmen oronado. Human Resources Department Director, ING.
- Alfonso Jiménez. President of Peoplematters.
- María Jiménez-Blanco. History of art Professor, UCM.
- Joaquín Turina. Musicólogist.
- Henning Wegener. German Ambassador.
- José Manuel Massó. Journalist and director of Addenda.
- Matías Diaz Padrón. Curator of the Museum of Prado.
- Emilio Peral Vega. Philology Professor-Doctor, UCM.
- Javier Cremades. Lawyer.
- Juan Ortiz Úrculo. State Attorney General.
- Alfonso Coronel de Palma. Lawyer and President of the COPE Fundation
- Cristobal Toral. Painter.
- Ramón Gavito. Pilot Commander, Iberia.
- Claudio Torcigliani. Painter.
- Manuel Pico. President of the Fine arts Accademy of Santa Cecilia.
- Marisa Cuñado. Vicepresident of Cemide.
- José Ramón Estévez. President of the Wineries Marqués del Real Tesoro.
- Jean Pierre Olivier. Collector of art.
- César A. Brillas. Entrepreneur and collector of art.
- Celsa Crespo. Collector of art.
- Miguel Moreto. Entrepreneur and collector of art.
- Antoni López. Editor Director of Seix Barral.
- Juan Ignacio Peinado. University Professor.
- Miguel y Maria Rosa Colom. Entrepreneur and collector of art.
The different exhibitions, catalogue publishing, conferences and activities around the life and work of the painter Enrique Ochoa, have been possible thanks to the following institutions, Companies and individuals.
- Coll Bardolet Fundation
- Málaga City Council
- Municipal Heritage Museum in Malaga (MUPAM)
- Obra Social Caja Madrid
- Cremades & Calvo Sotelo Foundation
- Barceló Foundation
- Royal Academy of Fine Art of San Telmo, Málaga
- Brotherhood of the “Macarena de Sevilla”
- City Council of Palma de Mallorca
- Espai d´Art Foundation
- Banco Santander Foundation
- City Council of El Puerto de Santa María
- Fine Arts Accademy of Santa Cecilia del Puerto de Santa María
In 1907 he moves to Seville where he starts studying at the College of Fine Arts and he earns his living painting characters of the typical Sevillianneighbourhood.
In 1911 he participates in the Exhibition of Fine Arts of Seville. It begins to emerge hisadmired and technical expertise in executing portraits.
From the lower classes to the wealthy bourgeoisie of Seville and later in Madrid, in his early years as a professional painter, ”the woman” is themainartistic subject that he paints with true devotion and beauty.
Enrique Ochoa moved to Madrid in 1914 and, in the Bohemian capital, he begins to emerge as champion of modernism and art deco. There, he started his career as illustrator of numerous publications of the time as "For those Worlds", "The Sphere", "New World" "Stamp" and especially "Black and White" with which he collaborates steadily between 1917 and 1931.
He actively participates in the artistic and cultural life of the interwar period and the avant-garde. He became friend of Andrés Segovia, Lasso de la Vega, Jacinto Benavente, Ramón Gómez de la Serna and Jose Bergamin. Enrique Ochoa also became popular thanks to the illustration of numerous short stories and other literary works and among those his work of ornamentation of the Complete Works of Rubén Darío and a special edition of "Don Quixote". Ochoa helped to shape the image of virtually an entire generation of storytellers, illustrating over 2000 books and publications.
Since his first “solo” exhibition in 1914 until the outbreak of the civil war, Ochoa came to perform twenty exhibitions in Spain, France and Italy in addition to attend other events and exhibitions such as salons Comedians, the National Exhibition of Fine Arts, the Salon d'Automne ...
"Together with Baldrich, Bartolozzi, Penagos, Ramos and Ribas Ochoa belongs in the group of the six great of the illustration"
Juan Manuel Bonet